"Veganism isn't about being perfect, it isn't about being superior, it's about looking beyond ourselves and thinking about how our choices affect others."
Veganism is a philosophy and a way of living which seeks to exclude as much as possible all forms of exploitation of cruelty to animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. This paper argues that with consuming animal products, people close their eyes to the truth of animals having rights and with increasing meat consumption they open their bodies to diseases such as hypertension. Also it states that by embracing a cruelty free diet, even a single person can make a tremendous contribution to the environment.
As people with internet connection or a little bit of education about how the meat that we buy on markets is being produced; we all are aware that animals have fully functioning nervous systems, which means they are all able to feel pain and they all want to live. But because people like the taste of something, meat industry exists and forces animals to walk into their deaths and become someone’s meal. We can all say that no creature with a healthy mind wants to die or to become somebody's dinner.
Looking at the health aspects of this issue, animal products are one of the primary causes of heart disease, diabetes, cancer and hypertension. When we are little, all of us are being told that animal products are necessary for our protein intake. That is incorrect. Grains, vegetables, fruits and legumes all have enough protein and other nutrients for our body. The plant-based sources of these nutrients tend to be low in saturated fat, high in fiber and packed with antioxidants. That means, we can all have healthy cruelty free diets and live a healthy life with lower risk of heart disease based on plant-based food sources. We don't have to harm animals to live a healthy fulfilled life.
According to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD), an average adult consumes 34 kilograms of meat(cows, chickens, pigs and sheep) every year. Because of this supply-demand relationship, there are 19 billion chickens, 1.5 billion cows, 1 billion pigs and 1 billion sheep on the planet. It is more than three times the number of people. And these numbers are rising when the human population grows. It takes massive amounts of water to grow crops for animals to eat, clean filthy factory farms, and give animals water to drink. Without this much demand for animal products, it will not be necessary to force animals to reproduce either.
Also Red meat such as beef, lamb or pork is responsible for 10 to 40 times as many greenhouse gas emissions as common vegetables and grains.
Almost all of us grew up eating meat, wearing leather, visiting zoos or buying animals from pet shops. We have never considered the choices we make, which are normalized by society, harming other creatures or polluting our planet. For whatever reason you are reading this right now, you should ask yourself: Don’t animals have rights?
Agora Leo Club,
According to the United Nations, water use has grown at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century. By 2025, an estimated 1.8 billion people will live in areas plagued by water scarcity, with two-thirds of the world's population living in water-stressed regions because of use, growth, and climate change.
Kenichi Fukui, who was a Japanese chemist, known as the first Asian scientist to receive a chemistry Nobel Prize, famously said that Chemistry itself knows altogether too well that - given the real fear that the scarcity of global resources and energy might threaten the unity of mankind.
Living in Mumbai keeps us away from the problems arising from water scarcity but the fact is that to fuel the water needs of Mumbaikars, many villages in Maharashtra have to bear the cut in water supply to fulfil the fat belly our city has.
There are many actions being taken to solve the problem of water, nationally as well as globally but the bottom line is that this isn’t something which has to be dealt with only at government level but rather every human being has an equal contribution to give or the price to pay sooner or later.
What can we do to contribute? Nothing really just a few tweaks here and there in our daily bad habits, is that too much? We all know what can be done to save wastage of water in a household but just to give a gist.
If you turn off the tap when you brush your teeth – this can save 6 litres of water per minute. By taking a shorter shower. A shower can use anything between 6 and 45 litres per minute. This one is a surprise if you fix a dripping tap. A dripping tap can waste 15 litres of water a day, or 5,500 litres of water a year. And last but not the least water your garden with a watering can rather than a hosepipe. A hosepipe uses 1,000 litres of water an hour.
So, until we don’t learn to clean seawater at an affordable price, let’s make smart choices and make our lives a bit easy for the future us.
Leo Rahul Narula,
Member Of Leo Club Of Juhu.
History begins with humanity, human evolution tells everything. It must be hard with live unknowing the past. Right? The society,nations and all the people that brings together the same past time. They can growing in this way and share the common things you will create the our future. For all this, you need to research and understand the history in the best way. This happens with Archeology.
This open with the excavation and put the like similar part of puzzle. Because the material used by a society is the most important documents that give us information about that people. Even if it is a very small part, every finding is very important. And what is most important here is how we provide the transfer of objects to us? Techniques and methods used in the analysis are very important.
Not only archeology, but also other branches of science should benefit here. For example ; Archaeometry, Numismatic, Anthropology, Archeobotany, Ancient Architecture of History. There are many side branches and definitions that I can talk about archeology, so illegal excavations are of interest to all the branches as well as the history for us. Antique cities, unprotected the historical artifacts, built next to site areas and so on.
It is an eye-catching mistake that is at the root of many troubles that have reached as far as the sun. Research shows that more archeological excavations are needed to prevent illegal excavations. For this, the material investments from the state are very important. Even today, seeing at the science of excavation as a treasure hunter.
We will remember that historical artifacts are and more important than gold or silver in case of damage, but unfortunately we are too late for it. It is not enough for guardians to protect the ruins. Archeology education given at universities and institutes is of poor of quality. Both of the teachers also students. Because there isn’t enough the number of professer at universty.
Sceince is dead our place. Not only this habibat. All over the World same. Graduating from the faculty of science and literature is highly valued, but the fact that the state is not interested enough and trying to attract extraordinary science has led to disinterest in people.
We have entered into a vicious circle because the excavations have been carried out for a long time and the excavations have been carried out halfway and the restoration excavations which will provide protection, which is the most important step afterwards, have failed.
We have come to this situation because we have become almost impossible to protect what we have not been able to take, and we can not know the value of this beautiful past geography we live in. There is something we should not forget that it is the history and science that will shape the future best.
Leo Elif Taşkan
Member of Agora Leo Club, Turkey (118-R)
Those facilitators who form the crux of the State are the primary players in this ever continuing conundrum. But is it right to say that the fire of corruption is kept alight by the greed of the powerful alone? We have always seen corruption to be a negative phenomenon with respect to a common man, but is it so? When a whole nation is against the notion of corruption how does it manage to flourish? It is a natural law that, for something to continuously survive, its preconditions need to exist.
What Makes Corruption Survive?
So, what are the preconditions of corruption? A benefactor, a beneficiary and a benefit. Benefit or the bribe can be of monetary or non-monetary form. Conventional wisdom says that the benefactors are the public and the beneficiaries are bureaucrats, politicians and other State agents (police, judiciary etc.). People could have stopped this malice at any point of time by simply not being the benefactors for, only in very few cases is money made to be forcibly paid under physical threat. In other words, if you see the act of bribery as an act of voluntary economic transaction, we realize that bribe is one of the goods being exchanged for a certain service offered by the beneficiaries. From this perspective, the beneficiaries are the State agents who offer a speedy and efficient public service, which they should have otherwise provided without the need of any bribe.
The administrative machine of our State is so complex that getting quick service is actually a privilege. And this privilege comes at a certain cost in the form of bribe.A common man today cannot stand in line for weeks and run from one office to another to get signatures from tens of people to get his job done. The world is moving very fast and the Indian economy has become fast enough to compete at a global level. But the lack of innovation and improvement in administrative service is costing us dearly and forms the foundations of corruption. This is nothing but supply regulation. That is, there is a demand in the social market for goods and efficient governance. This demand is catered to by officials who know the loopholes of the laws and regulations for which bribe is the fee.
Need for Quality Governance
Quality governance is the demand. Public needs it, officials provide it and bribe is the price. This when not understood leads to the misconceived perception that those who take the bribe stand more to gain from those who give the bribe. But even if punishment is enforced on those who give bribe, we are again meddling with the consumer base without effectively doing anything to diminish the nature of demand. The political development in India is greatly stunted due to lack of active participation by civil society primarily during elections and almost nil thereafter. What this implies is that the changing demands of the people go unattended due to a lack of voice to ask for it. During elections, we exchange vote for promise of good governance. Note that vote is exchanged for merely a promise of good governance and not good governance itself. Whether someone after getting elected to power is able to keep the promise is one issue but what happens when s/he does not? In that case another party claims to provide the same service, but the bottom line is that voting doesn’t ensure good governance. Why? The only way to ensure good governance is by active participation by those creating the demand for it – the people.
Leo Akshay Shah
Member Of Leo Club Of Juhu.
Being a leader is a dream of many people. But very little number of dreamers can realize their dreams. Leadership is not a dream, it is to use the experience and knowledge obtained by ourselves and from all people around us is managing people.
We gain experience in life by living, trying and observing not by aging. People say "all persons can not be a leader. It requires special talents."
However, leadership does not need only talent, leader is a person who has desire, motivation and self-development abilities. Leadership is about people. Leaders, Authentic and Authentic Servant Leaders look at their around as people, living breathing people with wants and needs and challenges with a life outside of their place.
Steve Keating says in an article: " So imagine how hard it is to help people succeed, to place them in roles with the greatest chance for success, when you only see one view of their picture. Throughout my career I’ve seen friends, family, and colleagues promoted or placed into positions where they had no chance to be successful. They may have had all the skills needed to excel but they did not have the temperament. Their physical and mental skills may have been excellent but their people skills simply didn’t measure up. Perhaps they had outstanding human relation skills but lacked some vital skill in another area.
A pure manager or a pure leader could easily miss those critical facts." By caring about these facts, a leader can unified power of all subordinates by being in dialog with them. Unification is always useful when directed in right way.
All people in team has a specific role/s to complete mission successfully. Leader has to know abilities, skills and personality structure of each of them to use in correct time and position. To being a GOOD LEADER is impossible, if the person has not have developed human relations capacity.
Leadership seems amusing, joyous responsibility but in reality it is very serious job. You may see differences between real and imitation leaders in time which requires to take life-sustaining decisions either in right way.
Leo Selcan Çirişoğlu
President of Omega Group of Agora Leo Club, Turkey (118-R)
What is GST? Are you confused? This Shadows of Life post will explain everything you need to know about GST.
GST stands from Goods and Service Tax; the unique selling proposition of GST is that it will merge many of Indirect tax system prevailing in India in to one consolidated tax system.
What will get Cheaper?
For manufactured consumer goods, the current tax regime means the consumer pays approximately 25-26% more than the cost of production due to excise duty and value added tax. With the GST rate expected at 18%, most goods are expected to become cheaper.
What will be Costlier?
The effective service tax rate at present is 15% and it applies to almost all services other than essential ones such as ambulance services, cultural activities, certain pilgrimages and sports events. If GST is implemented, this rate will increase to 18% making services more expensive. Consequently, eating out, staying at hotels and air travel will turn costlier. Similarly, insurance premiums and investment management which attract a service tax currently, will also become costlier with the higher rate of GST.
Why do we need GST in India?
First, the GST will greatly increase the revenues available at the states’ and centre’s disposal by expanding the tax base. More importantly, the resources of the poorer states (or consumer states) like, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh will increase substantially.
Second, the GST will facilitate ‘Make in India’ by converting the geographical landscape of the country into a single market. Despite being one country, India is a union of 30 or more markets. Too many taxes in the current system like the Central Sales Tax (CST) on inter-state sales of goods; numerous intra-state taxes; and the extensive nature of countervailing duty exemptions, favour imports over domestic production. GST would get rid of the CST and subsume most of the other taxes. And since, it will also be applicable on imports, the major tax factor working against ‘making in India’ will disappear, greatly boosting the production and in turn exports. This will ultimately help bridge the current account deficit.
Third, the GST would improve tax governance in two ways. One, like the value added tax (VAT), it is a self-collecting and self-enforcing tax. What it essentially means it that the companies buying supplies from outside parties will insist on tax payment on goods supplied as without this they can’t get setoffs on their own final product sales. Two, due to the dual monitoring structure of the GST – one by the states and another by the Centre – it is difficult to evade tax. Even if one set of tax authorities overlooks or fails to detect evasion, there is the possibility that the other overseeing authority may not.
We have attached a video to explain the concept in a visual form.
Leo Rahul Narula,
Member Of Leo Club Of Juhu.
Do you ever think that energy sources can end up in the future? Do you know what we will do if one day our energy sources run out? Do you know that one day we will be able to generate free energy through our renewable energy systems when we have no more energy sources? This is possible thanks to the renewable energy systems that are now widely used by many countries. Also, when we use renewable energy systems, we protect both our energy sources and the environment.
Today, the world's biggest problem is the unconscious use of classical energy sources and the consumption of these resources as a result of increasing energy needs. Examples of classical energy sources are oil, coal and natural gas. Even if not now, it will become almost impossible to find and use these resources in the next few centuries. That is why we should focus on renewable energy sources rather than classical energy sources. Well, what are these renewable energy sources and how are they used? Renewable energy is an energy source that can be obtained from natural sources and can be fortified permanently by nature. Examples of these sources are solar energy, wind energy, wave energy, geothermal energy, hydrolic energy and biomass energy. The most used renewable energy in the world is hydraulic energy. Nearly 15% of the world's energy needs are supplied by hydraulic energy. Hydraulic energy is the power that can be used for a useful purpose, obtained from the energy of water that falls or flows fast. Another very common source of renewable energy is wind energy. The air change on the sun's surface causes the air to warm up by acting on the atmosphere, causing the warming mass to expand and move up in motion. This rising air mass moves vertically and horizontally before it can go out of the atmosphere, and at this point the wind is formed by the warming of the air and its massive displacement. The kinetic energy that this wind has generated has been used in windmills and sailboats for thousands of years, thanks to the wind turbines, electricity is being generated from this energy. With wind energy, 3.5% of the world's energy is obtained. I hope this rate will rise in the future. Another type of renewable energy that is widely used in our lives is solar energy. Solar energy is the source of heat, which is the sun and bright light. Solar energy can be seen around most major traffic lights, homes, lighting, water heating, mobile phone chargers, calculators, and many other places. Solar energy has accepted itself as an environmentally clean renewable energy source and its use is increasing day by day. Many countries in the world are encouraged to use 100% renewable energy for electricity and transportation, or even as a primary energy source. Using renewable energy is motivated by incentives, global warming and other ecological and economic concerns because thanks to renewable energy systems, we protect our environment, our earth, animals, children and future generations from many important hazards. In many countries, we can see important information and statistics on renewable energy sources. For example, Denmark produced 140% of its electricity needs at a high level in 2015 on an unusually windy day and exported significant quantities to Germany, Sweden and Norway. In another example, Portugal produced zero emissions for 4 days using energy generated only in sun, wind and hydroelectric power plants between 7-11 May 2016. By looking at these examples, we can easily understand that in the future we can provide all of our energy needs from renewable energy sources.
As a result, using renewable energy systems is extremely important both in terms of global warming, ecological and economic aspects of the world. While we still have more time, let's go to renewable energy systems and pay attention to unconscious energy use. Let's turn off unnecessary lights and put our world under our protection…
Leo Öztürk Peker
Past-President of Omega Group of Agora Leo Club, Turkey (118-R)
I think most of you are here since you care for your job. No one is going to tell you this so take the rest of this article very seriously. However long you find this article, please take it very very seriously.
Automation is already having an effect on jobs worldwide & economists say this is only the tip of the iceberg. No Office Job is safe. Gloomiest of all is Martin Ford, a software entrepreneur and the bestselling author of “Rise of the Robots”. He warns of the threat of a “jobless future”, pointing out that most jobs can be broken down into a series of routine tasks, more and more of which can be done by machines.
One may argue that automation in the past has ended up creating more jobs than endangering it. For example people have learnt how to use a computer after the development of computers promising “automation.”
The growth so far was slow, making it possible for the average adult to learn and secure a job. But the “Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning" Wave is just round the corner and it is the next big thing that is going to wash the earth.
I find it extremely hard to imagine how the regular cab drivers, bus drivers are going to compete against driverless cars. They’ll be thrown out of the job in very few years now. What’s next for them? What’s next for you? You might be an accountant or an insurance agent right now, do you have any plans to beat super-intelligent computers whose only goal is to work- no distractions, no knowledge deficiency, no stopping?
You might be a doctor happily practising in your clinic right now, do have any plans to beat bio-technology and human genetic engineering that promises no disease or sickness in the future?
The “automation bomb” could destroy 45 percent of the work activities currently performed in the United States, representing about $2 trillion in annual wages, according to a study last year by the consulting firm McKinsey & Co.
In manufacturing, 59 percent of activities could be automated, and that includes “90 percent of what welders, cutters, solderers and brazers do.”
In food service and accommodations, 73 percent of the work could be performed by machines. In retailing, 53 percent of current jobs could be lost.
It is time now to look forth for alternatives. When a doctor’s career [one of the most sought after careers] is at stake, imagine a laundry man’s livelihood, a shopkeeper’s source of income, what’s next for them?
I won’t keep questioning you. I have a plan. Politicians need to begin thinking boldly, now, about a world in which driverless vehicles replace most truck drivers’ jobs, and where factories are populated by robots, not human beings. The best way to cushion this future is to start planning for how people will be able to take care of their families — and find meaningful work — in a world where most traditional jobs have vanished.
I think cancelling trade deals and removing immigrants from jobs isn't going to work (Hint! Hint!) in the long term when it is a piece of metal that is conquering the job market. We need to choose globalism over nationalism now.
The “AI and Deep Learning” Wave is in sight and is said to approach within the next few years. The next generation should be ready for it. This has to, I repeat, this has to become a part of our education syllabus. Currently “Future” is needed more than “History” in our books.
Just to maintain the seriousness of it. Here are some harrowing pictures.
A question of a Minimum Basic Income for all has arised. The next question that comes to one's mind is- Who will pay for it?
Intelligent automated machine labor needs to be taxed as machines not human labor is creating an ever increasing amount of goods, services and economic wealth. The owners of these intelligent automated machines capture enormous amounts of wealth simply because they employ very few humans hence avoiding the vast majority of indirect human worker taxes. Each intelligent automated machine is essentially a tax free worker. Human workers have vacation costs, health insurance costs, raising wage costs, social security costs, unemployment insurance cost, etc and are typically limited to a short 40+/- hour workweek. Intelligent automated machines have none of these economic liabilities working without compliant or wage increases 24x7.
Here's a short clip to sum up everything. Please don't be the second horse!
Leo Krutant Bilakhia
Member Of Leo Club Of Juhu.
On the world’s roads,over 1.2 million people lose their lives annually,with millions more sustaining serious injuries and living with long-term adverse health consequences.In a blink of an eye,road accidents cause permanent damage to people’s lives and future.
A car accident,by definition,is the unintended collision of one motor vehicle with another,a stationary object or person,resulting in injuries,death and/or loss of property. (1)
We are mainly concerned with this topic because it has become the leading cause of death globally.Road trafic injuries come first when we consider the top ten causes of death among people aged between 15-29.Although road traffic injuries have been a leading cause of mortality for years,most traffic accidents are both predictable and preventable.
We have to know more about the causes and effects in order to learn and teach how to prevent them.Some of the main causes are what we do everyday,without knowing.Such as the use of the mobile phones while driving,speeding,driving recklessly or being distracted while driving.The other main causes are poor weather conditions,defects on the roadway,defective automobile and automobile parts.All ocur when we don’t pay enough attention.
So, now that we have learned the causes,we should know how to prevent them.First,keep your eyes on the road and obey the traffic rules. Second,do not drive when sleepy or drunk. Because one little mistake can cause permanent damage not only to you but also to the people you love.
To conclude, most road accidents are preventable,all we have to do is to become conscious of what is right and what is wrong.And be ready for unexpected problems that can arise.And this sentence sums it all up.”A little care,makes accidents rare.”
Leo Almira Öztürk
Member Of Agora Leo Club.
What do drugs do to your body?
A drug when inhaled, objected, smoked, consumed, absorbed via a patch on the skin, or dissolved under the tongue, affect the function of the central nervous system, altering perception, mood or consciousness.
Taken in excess causes depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Sedation or drowsiness, Slowed movement, delayed reactions, difficulty breathing or shallow breathing, reduced heart rate, brain damage, collapsed veins or scarred veins from injections, infections and diseases such as HIV and in the end leads to DEATH.
Has our education failed so horribly that 75% of Indian homes have at least one drug user, sometimes as young as nine? 35% of children have a history of substance abuse, especially kids on street, working and trafficked. It is a happy feeling to see the youth gaining knowledge. However, it is a terrible feeling seeing them gaining knowledge in the wrong field.
We are aware how peer groups influence this habit. We know it is the wrong kind of influence. We know how parents ignore their kids. We know it is the lack of education. However, is it that difficult to say a NO?
Do you want to get high? NO
Do you want drugs? NO
Do you want to get addicted? NO
Do you want to ruin your life? NO
Do you want to harm your body? NO
Do you want a painful death? NO
Nobody can pressurise you once you say a NO, because when a person says NO. It means NO.
In spite of THE NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES ACT, 1985, it is illegal for a person to produce/manufacture/cultivate, possess, sell, purchase, transport, store, and/or consume any narcotic drug or psychotropic substance. However, it is still out there. The youth is affected and you and I are the ones to stop it. Take a stand and make them say NO.
-Leo Shailja Katwala,
Leo Club Of Juhu
Mankind, a word always considered to refer to the species Homo sapiens, is always understood in its literal state :The Vikings , the Huns and the Goths, the tyrants of the WWII and finally the present day “Orange Presidents” refuse to read between the lines. The most socially appealing phrase in modern day politics “ For the betterment of mankind and ever-progressing humanity “ is actually a double edged blade. Mother Earth since the past few decades is witnessing a conflict of self interests between the common man ( Its our own inferiority complex that makes us common) and these self proclaimed monarchs. Their beliefs on the Theory Of Humanity clash, the republic believes that humanity is nothing but a tool , a killswitch, against oppression and a common term for anticorruption, gender equality and all the other modern day problems , while the sovereign , i believe , does not have ideals for the same. This hazy nature of the squabble, buries a bitter truth that these prevalent issues are the nodes of a spider’s web , ready to entrap our intellect and blur our emotional judgement. This web although intricate, is rather straightforward to comprehend.
Starting off with the barter system, man started conferring values on objects,introducing the idea for currency, and hence creating a firm foundation for the concept of money. This five-lettered, two syllabled word overtook discovery and invention to the top, where it governed everyone’s reputation in society and hence led to class differences. These “class differences ” are the ancestors to all forms of present day social evil. When man divided himself,it naturally set up perpetual hatred for the other classes.Hence, for the rich to remain at the top, they had to introduce a force everyone would fear, that is when they adulterated the idea of religion to their own whims and fancies. This gave birth the orthodox methods hence propagating Gender Differences. The poor(lower) classes had to exist on the borderline for life and death to make ends meet. The higher classes lured them for illegal, hence easy, service giving them financial support in return. The need for money via service, then transformed to greed, giving rise to Corruption. The fraudulent nature led to cravings for more power , man wanted to expand its reign , creating Territories, and thus more Communal Conflicts arose.
Obviously these conflicts, resulted in more aggression , which was Terrorism in its primitive stage. This nexus has been in the making since eons and its bearing its fruit in the present. This idea however dark or pessimistic, is the truth. One can ask “IS THERE A SOLUTION TO THIS ?”: Well the present state of mankind is suspended between Good and Bad. All these conflicts happening are relative to each side. All we may need is a task which has a single objective viewpoint to the problem or we can reverse engineer the entire problem altogether. And then!!! I feel that the future can hit us with the biggest Tsunami possible, all we need is unity and a selfless motive.
Leo Yug Choksi
Member Of Leo Club Of Juhu
There are a lot of thing that can be said for making the definition of culture; Culture can be defined as the sum of actions and habits of a large group. Behaviors of people, languages that they use, religion and other beliefs, traditions, using of gestures, foods, clothing choices, music choices… They are the parts of it and together they create the culture perception. It can be seen that there are more than 150 definitions of culture have been made in the books but still it changes from people to people because it is a subjective judgment and the definition of it depends on how people see it.
People are in the center of it because they are the ones who create the culture. Sociologists have done a lot of research about culture and people or how it effects people behavior but only thing that people talk is how culture collects everybody together. It is true that culture brings people together but it is also the greatest factor of the discrimination of today’s society.
Culture brings the stereotypes and prejudices with itself. All parts of culture have an effective role in creating this generalizations but unlike what is known, stereotypes are not only about countries. There are types of stereotypes such as gender stereotypes, country stereotypes or group stereotypes. For example Italian people eat pasta every day or they use a lot of gestures while they are talking, women are bad at driving car, all teenagers are rebels or Goths wear only black clothes. Normally, stereotypes aren’t seen as a bad thing and these kind of stereotypes are harmless but there are some stereotypes that effect today’s World in a bad way; Muslims are terrorists is an example of this kind of stereotypes because it causes people to have prejudices between each other and makes people fear. They cause the racism and otherization by making people to have mold judgments.
Stereotypes come from mold judgments but the reason of this is that it is easier for people to act as a part of their culture which has already been defined a long time ago instead of identifying themselves. It can be seen that people have problems of defining themselves because they don’t try to know themselves and that’s why they have identity crisis, in this situation they choose to do what their cultural model says instead of thinking for themselves. For example a patriarchal order system can be seen in the Anatolian parts of Turkey. It can be seen that Turkish men usually say that they are Anatolian men and they use it as an excuse of their behaviors but all men can’t be the same just because they come from the same region, so it can’t be the excuse of their behaviors. Every person in this World have a personality which creates their own culture, so they can’t be define in a generalization culture model.
When children are raised to be aware of the idea that everybody is different, they grow up with a more conscious mind and they become more open-minded. It can be seen that countries who give an importance to this idea have more peaceful environments because people from those countries respect each other and they are aware of that everybody is independent beyond their cultures, their nationalities don’t even matter. They have their own cultures just like everybody else but what makes them different is that they don’t move in a general culture model, only thing that they do is respecting others’ ideas and personalities. As an opposite example, Turkey is one of those countries who gives importance only to exam results. Children grow up to be adults who are unconscious of their personalities because they are busy studying those lessons. That’s why they see their cultures as the definition of their characters because they don’t spend a lot of time trying to figure out who they are, they choose to be assimilated to their general culture as it is easier. They are unaware of individualism. A lot of violence news can be seen because of this; a man beats someone because he believes that what other man has been doing is against to the Turkish culture, they don’t think that they have their own values, only thing that matters is moving appropriate to Turkish culture for them. However, these kind of actions are not only valid for Turkish people, acting through the culture is common in most of the countries. This is called “Microaggression Theory” in psychology.
Microaggression theory is first coined by Chester M. Pierce to describe insults and injustices which has been made by white American people against to African Americans. Microaggressions are the everyday verbal, nonverbal, and environmental slights, snubs, or insults, whether intentional or unintentional, which communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative messages to target persons based solely upon their marginalized group membership. In many cases, these hidden messages may invalidate the group identity or experiential reality of target persons, demean them on a personal or group level, communicate they are lesser human beings, suggest they do not belong with the majority group, threaten and intimidate, or relegate them to inferior status and treatment.
While microaggressions are generally discussed from the perspective of race and racism any marginalized group in our society may become targets: people of color, women, LGBT persons, those with disabilities, religious minorities, and so on. For example a White woman clutches their purse or checks their wallet as a Black or Latino man approaches or passes them. (Hidden message: You and your group are criminals.). "So.. You are an Asian, right?" "She is really pretty for a black girl." These kind of microaggression actions don’t seem to be important for people who has been doing these but it is a result of racism and it makes “other” people feel discriminated by society, even if it has been doing unintentionally. However, actions cause by racism are not always had been as harmless as only making some people feel discriminated; there are a lot of people who has been killed only because of their races or religions.
As I said before, culture may cause people to be together but it also divides people if they don’t think as person but think in a general culture perception without considering their own personalities and values . No matter what it has been doing the effects of culture start by one person than it continues by effecting the larger. Making a change especially on culture is hard and it needs a lot of time; racism and nationalism can’t be ignored and they will always be in the World as long as the humans and nationalities exist, but they can be reduced by obtain the intercultural communication among the young people, so a better World with more tolerance can be more than an idea.
Candidate Member of Agora Leo Club, Turkey (118-R)
Social Networking has surely revolutionized the internet age and it has made our lives easier and more efficient. Most of us use social networking platforms such as WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat etc. on a daily basis because it helps us connect to people, communicate faster, promote ideas and do many more things. However as with everything, the wonderful world of social media has a dark side. One of the problematic aspect is the potential for social media scams which affects millions of people every year. However if you aren’t aware of this issue, with some knowledge of what to look out for you will be able to protect yourselves from becoming a victim of a scam.
In the last one year India witnessed a 156% rise in social media scam and is now the second most targeted country in the whole world for cybercrime. It has been reported that 94% of these scams were spread through manual sharing of links leading to fraudulent websites. India’s increasing social media population is becoming a favoured target of scammers. Scammers are using social media and taking advantage of the trust people have in their own social circles to spread their scams, fake links and phishing. Cyber Security is improving and getting better day by day but so are the malwares and computer viruses.
Listed below are the top methods used by scammers:
These scams come in various types and it might also include some genuine information about you obtained from your social media account to intimidate you and make it sound realistic. That’s why don’t put too much personal information out there.
These are just a few of the thousands of ways one could be scammed. There are new ways created each day and scammers are getting smarter and better with time.
A few things you should keep in mind:
If you ever are a victim of a scam report it immediately since it can take time to track down a scammer or the scammer might be located at a place from where it would be difficult to get justice.
Educate other people especially those who are new to the world of social media with all that you know about cybercrime and save them from being a victim of a scam since cybercrime has become a major issue in today’s world. If we continue spreading awareness and take preventive measures we can reduce cybercrime. Together we can fight this!
Leo Manav Hirani
Member Of Leo Club Of Juhu
It's always exciting to see a piece of work that I love and admire adapted into the silver screen and with the improvement of technology, CGI and the movie industry as a whole we're started to see more and more great stories, that we could only imagine, come to life before our very own eyes. There have been a lot of literature and comic book adaptations in Hollywood over the years and the successful ones shared one simple characteristic: accuracy.
The studios like Warner Bros. and Disney have proven that the more you are accurate to your base material the more successful your movie can be... I understand that the massive blockbuster movies can't exactly be same as the comic books as it would not fit the idea of cinema. But this studios have been accurate to their material and succeeded in the box office, as fans enjoy seeing accurate depictions of their favorite characters. So when you see any person from any nationality saying that they didn't like the race changed version of his/her favorite character, don't be so quick to label him/her as a racist. They are more likely just upset the characters they have been waiting for years adapted into a live action movie isn't as accurate as they dreamed. It's about casting the right actor to the role whether it be Batman, Superman, Abraham Lincoln or Malcolm X. Whoever they need to cast would be who looks, feels and acts like their literature counterpart. In today’s world major studios do that with changing the characters race.
I can accept this racial change if only that decision makes the movie, the plot and the character better, more appealing. Recently, there has been a lot of talk about diversity in Hollywood mainly in the superhero movies, the most money-making films today. There has been talks of gender diversity as well as race diversity and so on... I couldn't agree more that we need diversity, especially in the blockbuster movies and actually we're getting that diversity slowly. But here is where it starts to crack down; when this becomes a money-making scheme and loses all its true meaning. The studios don't see any color except for green, they just want the money and the reason why we started to get diversity is because there is demand for it. It's all about studios image, it has become a race amongst studios that which one will have the most diverse cast.
You can see this in all the comic book related mediums; they started to write Afro-American Captain America story arcs, they casted a non-accurate Flash in "Batman v Superman" and a more non-accurate version of the Kid Flash in the Flash TV series, the all-female charactered Spider-Man universe movie that Sony plans to do are not actually trying to be diverse they are just cheap tricks to pass on society's demands as well as fulling their pockets. The first example of this fake diversity was casting of Michael B. Jordan in the last Fantastic Four movie. People argued that you can change a characters race as long as it doesn't affect the storyline, plot or the characters relationship with others and I agree with that idea. But the fact that Joe Storm and Sue Storm are siblings has a huge importance for the story and it's a insult to the original material. But it is not because that I don't love Michael B. Jordan or I think he is not a good actor. I was against it too because that was a fake diversity attempt.
If those studios really want to have diversity in their movies it should make perfect sense or be the perfect choice for the role like Samuel L. Jackson’s Nick Fury or Michael Clarke Duncan's Kingpin even Lawrence Fishbourne's Perry White in the Man of Steel, these are real attempts for diversity and change. When an actor is perfect for the role it isn't faked diversity and I must say I'm pretty hopeful for Jason Momoa's Aquaman.
But some characters are legends, they are so engraved in the pop culture as their own characteristics that they may ever exist as real people in real life history. Just like you can't cast a fat or bald person as Superman you can't change his race in order to gain viewers attention. If the studios wants to bring a true diversity to Hollywood I really want these characters not to be called Superman, Batman or Spider-Man, they should be unique and original characters. They should be unknown and original, these characters need to engrave themselves into the pop culture the way Guardians of the Galaxy did. Changing a characters gender, race or characteristics but keeping the name not only laziness but also degrading in all ways as it will be insulting to the writer, artist and even the character as it will always be remembered as the second best or "that version" of the character. It's just taking advantage of that characters popularity...
If the movie industry wants true diversity they should give original characters to shine and create more opportunities to young artists in the business. There are countless great characters with unique stories. Let us see Blue Beetle, Static Shock, Ms. Marvel or Namor on the big screen. We need more diversity of course but not for studios to show off. We need true, meaningful diversity and I have great hope for this to happen as the world we live in has become more globalized than ever and I believe that it has become a must that every person, race, nationality should be represented equally and accurately on the big screen.
Leo Can Caner
Meeting Director of Agora Leo Club, Turkey (118-R)
I want to apologise to all the women I have called pretty before I have called them brave or intelligent. It seems such an ordinary thing to call a girl pretty and a man strong. However, it is not. Women can be strong with red lipstick and flowery dresses. They can conquer the world by crushing the necks of their enemies under their 6 inch heels. Girls have always been taught to be things like pretty, sensitive, petite and lady-like. Nobody ever told them that it is okay to have a husky voice, short hair and look bold. Everyone is a different kind of beautiful. There is the girl who rocks that pixie cut. The girl who wears cowboy boots and smiles as wide as the sea's perpetual flow. There is that girl who wears glasses and you swear you can see galaxies in her eyes. That girl who has a goofy laugh but is so loved. The girl who lives across the street wears a red dress and Nike; she could light up the whole damn sky. They are all beautiful in their own way but they are taught to believe differently.
In fact, the Disney princesses have so much to offer. The Disney princesses that we grew up with should be the females we look up to.
Give me Ariel, gambling with everything she has to go on an adventure to see what is out there.
Give me Mulan, wielding her sword to protect those she love, to prove what is right.
Give me Lilo, finding beauty in everything, holding onto her passion although the world branded her a freak.
Give me Belle, seeing the beast in the man and the man in the beast, letting her own fairytale unfold because she believes.
Give me Cinderella, rising from the ashes to be the princess she deserves to be, give me to a woman who remembered to be kind.
Give me Snow White, who found kindness in others when people who were supposed to take care of her failed.
Give me Rapunzel, for so long loyal to a mother who did not care for her. For someone so abused yet so unafraid.
Give me Jasmine, accustomed to the touch of the finest silk but fierce and true enough to let her heart touch by a street rat.
Give me princesses who are strong, kind and fierce. Give me beauty and grace and power and will. Give me something to laugh at when a man condescendingly calls me a princess and thinks that he has shown me my place. Give me a throne and I will reign. Give me a voice and I will sing to you a song of glittery queens who found their palaces. Give me a dream and I will fight for it.
Your beauty is not defined by your skin colour or your eyebrows being on point. It is the time when you pay your bills with you head held high, when you remember to be compassionate and humble. It is when you stay up all night just to be somebody's shoulder to cry on. It is the way the sunlight falls on your skin and the laugh that echoes in your house. It is the way you like to walk along the beach and let the ocean draw you close. Powerful, unceasing and the unspeakable beauty.
Leo Shaili Shah
Leo Club of Juhu